Vuetify comes with a 12 point grid system built using flex-box. The grid is used to create specific layouts within an application's content. It contains 5 types of media breakpoints that are used for targeting specific screen sizes or orientations, xs, sm, md, lg and xl. These resolutions are defined below in the Viewport Breakpoints table and can be modified by customizing the Breakpoint service.
|phone_iphoneExtra small||xs||small to large handset||< 600px|
|tabletSmall||sm||small to medium tablet||600px > < 960px|
|laptopMedium||md||large tablet to laptop||960px > < 1264*|
|desktop_windowsLarge||lg||desktop||1264 > < 1904px*|
|tvExtra large||xl||4k and ultra-wides||> 1904px*|
|* -16px on Desktop|
The Vuetify grid is heavily inspired by the Bootstrap grid. It is integrated by using a series of containers, rows, and columns to layout and align content. If you are new to flexbox, Read the CSS Tricks flexbox guide for background, terminology, guidelines, and code snippets.
In the example above, we created three equal-width columns on small, medium, large and extra large devices. The parent
v-container to center the inner
v-containerprovides the ability to center and horizontally pad your site's contents. You can also use the fluid prop to fully extend the container across all viewport and device sizes.
v-rowis a wrapper component for
v-col. It utilizes flex properties to control the layout and flow of its inner columns. It uses a standard gutter of 24px. This can be reduced with the dense prop or removed completely with no-gutters.
v-colis a content holder that must be a direct child of
When using the grid system with IE11 you will need to set an explicit
min-height will not suffice and cause undesired results.
Auto sizing columns
Columns will automatically take up an equal amount of space within their parent container. This can be modified using the cols prop. You can also utilize the sm, md, lg, and xl props to further define how the column will be sized in different viewport sizes.
Equal width columns
You can break equal width columns into multiple lines. While there are workarounds for older browser versions, there was a Safari flexbox bug. This shouldn't be necessary if you're up-to-date.
One column width
When using the auto-layout, you can define the width of only one column and still have its siblings to automatically resize around it.
Variable content width
Assigning breakpoint width for columns can be configured to resize based upon the nature width of their content.
Grow and Shrink
By default, flex components will automatically fill the available space in a row or column. They will also shrink relative to the rest of the flex items in the flex container when a specific size is not designated. You can define the column width of the
v-col by using the cols prop and providing a value from 1 to 12.
Row and column breakpoints
Dynamically change your layout based upon resolution. (resize your screen and watch the layout change to a
row on small breakpoints)
The power and flexibility of the Vuetify grid system allows you to create amazing user interfaces.
Change the vertical alignment of flex items and their parents using the align and align-self properties.
Change the horizontal alignment of flex items and their parents using the justify and justify-self properties.
You can remove the negative margins from
v-row and the padding from its direct
v-col children using the no-gutters property.
When more than 12 columns are placed within a given row (that is not using the
.flex-no-wrap utility class), each group of extra columns will wrap onto a new line.
You can control the ordering of grid items. As with offsets, you can set different orders for different sizes. Design specialized screen layouts that accommodate to any application.
Order last / first
You can also designate explicitly first or last which will assign -1 or 13 values respectively to the
order CSS property.
Offsets are useful for compensating for elements that may not be visible yet, or to control the position of content. Just as with breakpoints, you can set an offset for any available sizes. This allows you to fine tune your application layout precisely to your needs.
Offset can also be applied on a per breakpoint basis.
Using the auto margin helper utilities you can force sibling columns away from each other.
Grids can be nested, similar to other frameworks, in order to achieve very custom layouts.
v-spacer component is useful when you want to fill available space or make space between two components.