# Grid system
Vuetify comes with a 12 point grid system built using flexbox. The grid is used to create specific layouts within an application’s content. It contains 5 types of media breakpoints that are used for targeting specific screen sizes or orientations, xs, sm, md, lg and xl. These resolutions are defined below in the Viewport Breakpoints table and can be modified by customizing the Breakpoint service.
|Extra small||xs||Small to large phone||< 600px|
|Small||sm||Small to medium tablet||600px > < 960px|
|Medium||md||Large tablet to laptop||960px > < 1264px*|
|Large||lg||Desktop||1264px > < 1904px*|
|Extra large||xl||4k and ultra-wide||> 1904px*|
|* -16px on desktop for browser scrollbar|
The Vuetify grid is heavily inspired by the Bootstrap grid. It is integrated by using a series of containers, rows, and columns to layout and align content. If you are new to flexbox, Read the CSS Tricks flexbox guide for background, terminology, guidelines, and code snippets.
v-container provides the ability to center and horizontally pad your site’s contents. You can also use the fluid prop to fully extend the container across all viewport and device sizes. Maintains previous 1.x functionality in which props are passed through as classes on
v-container allowing for the application of helper classes (such as
fill-height) to easily be applied
v-col is a content holder that must be a direct child of
v-row. This is the 2.x replacement for
v-flex in 1.x.
v-row is a wrapper component for
v-col. It utilizes flex properties to control the layout and flow of its inner columns. It uses a standard gutter of 24px. This can be reduced with the dense prop or removed completely with no-gutters. This is the 2.x replacement for
v-layout in 1.x.
v-spacer is a basic yet versatile spacing component used to distribute remaining width in-between a parents child components. When placing a single
v-spacer before or after the child components, the components will push to the right and left of its container. When more than one
v-spacer's are used between multiple components, the remaining width is evenly distributed between each spacer.
1.x grid system has been deprecated in favor of the 2.x grid system. Documentation for 1.x grids can be found in the v1.5 docs
Breakpoints based props on grid components work in an
andUp fashion. With this in mind the xs breakpoint is assumed and has been removed from the props context. This applies to offset, justify, align, and single breakpoint props on
- Props like justify-sm and justify-md exist, but justify-xs does not, it is simply justify
- The xs prop does not exist on
v-col. The equivalent to this is the cols prop
When using the grid system with IE11 you will need to set an explicit
min-height will not suffice and cause undesired results.
Change the vertical alignment of flex items and their parents using the align and align-self properties.
# Breakpoint sizing
Columns will automatically take up an equal amount of space within their parent container. This can be modified using the cols prop. You can also utilize the sm, md, lg, and xl props to further define how the column will be sized in different viewport sizes.
Change the horizontal alignment of flex items using the justify property.
# No gutters
You can remove the negative margins from
v-row and the padding from its direct
v-col children using the no-gutters property.
Offsets are useful for compensating for elements that may not be visible yet, or to control the position of content. Just as with breakpoints, you can set an offset for any available sizes. This allows you to fine tune your application layout precisely to your needs.
# Offset breakpoint
Offset can also be applied on a per breakpoint basis.
You can control the ordering of grid items. As with offsets, you can set different orders for different sizes. Design specialized screen layouts that accommodate to any application.
# Order first and last
You can also designate explicitly first or last which will assign -1 or 13 values respectively to the
order CSS property.
# Column wrapping
When more than 12 columns are placed within a given row (that is not using the
.flex-nowrap utility class), each group of extra columns will wrap onto a new line.
# Equal width columns
You can break equal width columns into multiple lines. While there are workarounds for older browser versions, there was a Safari flexbox bug. This shouldn’t be necessary if you’re up-to-date.
# Grow and Shrink
By default, flex components will automatically fill the available space in a row or column. They will also shrink relative to the rest of the flex items in the flex container when a specific size is not designated. You can define the column width of the
v-col by using the cols prop and providing a value from 1 to 12.
# Margin helpers
Using the auto margin helper utilities you can force sibling columns away from each other.
# Nested grid
Grids can be nested, similar to other frameworks, in order to achieve very custom layouts.
# One column width
When using the auto-layout, you can define the width of only one column and still have its siblings to automatically resize around it.
# Row and column breakpoints
Dynamically change your layout based upon resolution. (resize your screen and watch the top
row layout change on sm, md, and lg breakpoints)
v-spacer component is useful when you want to fill available space or make space between two components.
# Unique layouts
The power and flexibility of the Vuetify grid system allows you to create amazing user interfaces.
# Variable content width
Assigning breakpoint width for columns can be configured to resize based upon the nature width of their content.