# Grid system

Vuetify comes with a 12 point grid system built using flexbox. The grid is used to create specific layouts within an application’s content. It contains 5 types of media breakpoints that are used for targeting specific screen sizes or orientations, xs, sm, md, lg and xl. These resolutions are defined below in the Viewport Breakpoints table and can be modified by customizing the Breakpoint service.

Material Design Breakpoints
Extra smallxsSmall to large phone< 600px
SmallsmSmall to medium tablet600px > < 960px
MediummdLarge tablet to laptop960px > < 1264px*
LargelgDesktop1264px > < 1904px*
Extra largexl4k and ultra-wide> 1904px*
* -16px on desktop for browser scrollbar

# Usage

The Vuetify grid is heavily inspired by the Bootstrap grid. It is integrated by using a series of containers, rows, and columns to layout and align content. If you are new to flexbox, Read the CSS Tricks flexbox guide for background, terminology, guidelines, and code snippets.


# Sub-components

# v-container

v-container provides the ability to center and horizontally pad your site’s contents. You can also use the fluid prop to fully extend the container across all viewport and device sizes. Maintains previous 1.x functionality in which props are passed through as classes on v-container allowing for the application of helper classes (such as ma-#/pa-#/fill-height) to easily be applied

# v-col

v-col is a content holder that must be a direct child of v-row. This is the 2.x replacement for v-flex in 1.x.

# v-row

v-row is a wrapper component for v-col. It utilizes flex properties to control the layout and flow of its inner columns. It uses a standard gutter of 24px. This can be reduced with the dense prop or removed completely with no-gutters. This is the 2.x replacement for v-layout in 1.x.

# v-spacer

v-spacer is a basic yet versatile spacing component used to distribute remaining width in-between a parents child components. When placing a single v-spacer before or after the child components, the components will push to the right and left of its container. When more than one v-spacer's are used between multiple components, the remaining width is evenly distributed between each spacer.

# Helper Classes

fill-height applies height: 100% to an element. When applied to v-container it will also align-items: center.

# Caveats

# Examples

# Props

# Align

Change the vertical alignment of flex items and their parents using the align and align-self properties.

# Breakpoint sizing

Columns will automatically take up an equal amount of space within their parent container. This can be modified using the cols prop. You can also utilize the sm, md, lg, and xl props to further define how the column will be sized in different viewport sizes.

# Justify

Change the horizontal alignment of flex items using the justify property.

# No gutters

You can remove the negative margins from v-row and the padding from its direct v-col children using the no-gutters property.

# Offset

Offsets are useful for compensating for elements that may not be visible yet, or to control the position of content. Just as with breakpoints, you can set an offset for any available sizes. This allows you to fine tune your application layout precisely to your needs.

# Offset breakpoint

Offset can also be applied on a per breakpoint basis.

# Order

You can control the ordering of grid items. As with offsets, you can set different orders for different sizes. Design specialized screen layouts that accommodate to any application.

# Order first and last

You can also designate explicitly first or last which will assign -1 or 13 values respectively to the order CSS property.

# Misc

# Column wrapping

When more than 12 columns are placed within a given row (that is not using the .flex-nowrap utility class), each group of extra columns will wrap onto a new line.

# Equal width columns

You can break equal width columns into multiple lines. While there are workarounds for older browser versions, there was a Safari flexbox bug. This shouldn’t be necessary if you’re up-to-date.

# Grow and Shrink

By default, flex components will automatically fill the available space in a row or column. They will also shrink relative to the rest of the flex items in the flex container when a specific size is not designated. You can define the column width of the v-col by using the cols prop and providing a value from 1 to 12.

# Margin helpers

Using the auto margin helper utilities you can force sibling columns away from each other.

# Nested grid

Grids can be nested, similar to other frameworks, in order to achieve very custom layouts.

# One column width

When using the auto-layout, you can define the width of only one column and still have its siblings to automatically resize around it.

# Row and column breakpoints

Dynamically change your layout based upon resolution. (resize your screen and watch the top row layout change on sm, md, and lg breakpoints)

# Spacers

The v-spacer component is useful when you want to fill available space or make space between two components.

# Unique layouts

The power and flexibility of the Vuetify grid system allows you to create amazing user interfaces.

# Variable content width

Assigning breakpoint width for columns can be configured to resize based upon the nature width of their content.

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Last updated:07/05/2022, 9:08:15 PM